Decorative bushes are nearly the most favourite plants in Lithuania. Ten slūgso metamorfinės vėlyvojo kambro, ankstyvojo devono uolienos, kurias kerta plutoninės Hailendkrofto ir Olivarijaus uolienos. Tvirta kilmė: Iš magmos susidaro daug mineralų.

Archaeologia Baltica volume 13 was prepared by Klaipėda University institute of Baltic sea region history and Archaeology.

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Publications by Algirdas Girininkas. Arrowheads, Palisades and an Attack Scenario. Dr algirdas Girininkas, was held on 23 September In reading their papers and offering their congratulations, colleagues, students and friends honoured a researcher who has created the unique Kretuonas School, generated new ideas, and used the expertise of researchers in various fields in order to carry out new projects.

Modern laboratories devoted to archaeology and with the latest equipment will be set up in the future Sea Valley, which is just one of the recent projects that will soon become a reality thanks to the energy and self-sacrificing work of algirdas Girininkas.

It should be noted that Girininkas was the teacher who pažintys goofy vaikinai the origins of the culture of the Balts in every possible sense to many of those who were in attendance, and to some he still is.

Girininkas is capable of seeing the research potential in santykinė rocks dacksheets young person, leading some akmenologai or stoneologists to choose the difficult vocation of an archaeologist thanks to him fig.

These thoughts were reflected not just in the papers and opening remarks, but also in the documentary film made by Olijardas Lukoševičius and Algis Kuzmickas Looking for the Origins of the Balts. One feature of the conference at the Origins of the culture of the Balts was the presentation of Girininkas monograph Akmens amžius The Stone age.

This is the first in a series of six volumes on Lithuanian archaeology prepared by Klaipėda University s Institute of Baltic region History and archaeology. The research material returned in the santykinė rocks dacksheets of the monograph Apuolė Ausgrabungen un Funde fig. Meanwhile, the preserved finds from the Apuolė excavations, as was intended inwere returned to the Vytautas the Great War Museum in Kaunas.

Thus, volume 13 of Archaeologia Baltica subtitled santykinė rocks dacksheets the Origins of the culture of the Balts is dedicated to the 60th birthday of Prof Habil. Dr algirdas Girininkas. The volume is divided into two sections, in the santykinė rocks dacksheets of which Edigijus Šatavičius describes the work of a. Girininkas and his contribution to the research into Lithuania s Stone age. This comprehensive article should be augmented by one fact, namely that Girininkas, together with his colleagues Audronė Bliujienė and Vladas Žulkus, are winners of the Lithuanian research award in the Humanities and Social Sciences, for their series of articles and monographs The Balts in the Space of the Baltic Sea.

As is fitting for Festschriften, it would have been inconceivable to omit a complete bibliography of the subject s work.

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Gintautas Zabiela has prepared a list of Girininkas monographs, research articles and publica- 1 algirdas Girininkas, Akmens amžius. Lietuvos archeologija, t. Vilnius: Versus aureus, p. Participants in the conference at the Origins of the culture of the Balts marking the 60th birthday of Prof Habil. Dr Algirdas Girininkas photograph by A. The articles examine the latest research results of ancient MtDNA from Lithuanian sites, and discuss intercultural ties, aspects of Mesolithic and Neolithic fishing, exchanges and their nature, the investigation of individual sites, exceptional Stone age burial complexes, technical research into flint processing, artistic aspects of the expression of Neolithic communities, and much more.

Kur yra idėjos

The Kas yra om akapan pažintys and U4 haplogroups are rare among Lithuania s modern inhabitants. Left to right: G. Santykinė rocks dacksheets, A. Girininkas and V. Žulkus photograph by A. The presentation of the monograph Apuolė Ausgrabungen un Funde at the conference at the Origins of the Culture of the Balts.

Left to right: V. Žulkus, A. Girininkas, J. Lamm and G. Zabiela photograph by A. Valdis Bērziņš, in the article Fishing Seasonality and Techniques in Prehistory: Why Freshwater Fish are Special, shows that freshwater fish could have provided a stable resource base that made permanent settlements possible in lake basins during the Mesolithic and Neolithic of the east Baltic region, but the utilisation of this resource required the development of a body of cultural knowledge and techniques for fishing in the different seasons.

Tadeusz Galiński and Zofia Sulgostowska, in the article Younger Dryas Tanged Point Key Sites in Western Pomerania, states that the Younger Dryas flint artefacts of Western Pomerania have features characteristic of ahrensburgian culture, and compares this material with data from other Polish, Lithuanian and Latvian sites. The author emphasises that this conclusion pažintys support pour juifs largely hypothetical, however, and alternative interpretations are possible.

Katarzyna Januszek, in the article Small Polished Flint Tools in Rzucewo Culture in Poland, gives an overview of the most diverse assemblage of small polished flint tools found in the settlements left by Rzucewo culture in the Żuławy region.

Ilze Loze, in the article Iča Neolithic Settlement in the Lake Lubāns Wetland, presents the site s topography, stratigraphy, traces of habitation and disturbed human burials, užsienio pažinčių svetainė bones of which were found throughout the excavated area.

A Few Cases from the Kernavė and Naudvaris Sites in Lithuania, attempt to answer the questions how and why flint was used when metal production and processing techniques were already widespread.

The flint artefacts were analysed with respect to their raw materials and typology-technique. Dariusz Manasterski, in the article Exchanges between Syncretic Groups in the Mazury Lake District of Northeast Poland and Early Bronze Age Communities in Central Europe, discusses how the Late Neolithic and Early Bronze Age communities that existed in the 8 9 Mazury Lake District interacted with the transcontinental trading system and, on the basis of recent finds from the analysed region, discusses alternative communications ties.

On pavyzdžio vyrų profilis pažinčių svetainei basis of a comprehensive santykinė rocks dacksheets of the archaeological material, the authors present a new interpretation santykinė rocks dacksheets the fortified settlement at Ridala, which sees the function and purpose of the palisades as being more of a symbolic nature religious, political than a response to military threats.

The authors give an overview of these finds, both in Estonia and elsewhere, and discuss possible areas of their use.

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Marius Iršėnas, in the article Anthropomorphic and Zoomorphic Stone age art in Lithuania, and its archaeological cultural context, shows that anthropomorphic and zoomorphic images found both in Lithuania and in the Baltic region do not show artefact forms and stylistic features that belong to any particular Mesolithic or Neolithic archaeological culture in the Baltic region.

Investigating what existed prior to the appearance of civilisation would seem uninteresting and unimportant, unlike excavating a site like Troy, Kernavė or Voruta. It is difficult to boast to someone about finding several new Stone Age settlements or several flint artefacts that are not distinguished by their size or their ornateness, and it is all the more difficult to prove the importance and relevance of research in this era to scientific functionaries, the public, and often even to colleagues.

Perhaps this is why there are so few Stone Age specialists in Lithuania and neighbouring countries, even though it should be exactly the opposite, according to the time scale the era encompasses This is perhaps the reason why true Stone Age specialists are noted for their persistence, their strength of character, their firm opinions, their inclination towards the natural sciences, and so on.

Algirdas Girininkas, who has already devoted almost four decades to researching this era, is one such Stone Age researcher Fig. Girininkas interest in archaeology and the region s ancient past santykinė rocks dacksheets sparked by Vitas Valatkaa famous researcher of the Samogitian santykinė rocks dacksheets and a museum curator.

Together, they visited impressive central Samogitian archaeological sites, and participated in archaeological expeditions. He has been able to pass on his passion for seeking out archaeological and other sites a passion he acquired in his youth and still possesses to many young people, some of whom have developed to become accomplished researchers themselves, or at least great enthusiasts for prehistory Figs.

His heart was perhaps somewhat assuaged after a brief reconnoitring trip 12 Fig. Algirdas Girininkas in His true vocation to study the Stone Age emerged after he had begun working at the Lithuanian Institute of History, where it was possible to devote most of his time to research activities Fig.

In addition to his main work, this was an excellent occasion for him to learn about old scientific publications, which were then difficult to access and had become a bibliographic rarity, as well as the work of contemporary foreign scientists.

Due to the Iron Curtain, these rarely reached Lithuanian libraries during the Soviet era. An opportunity also existed at that time at the Russian Academy of Sciences to delve into a new method: traceology the determination of the function of tools on the basis of the wear marks left on themwhich offered many new possibilities and advantages.

Girininkas was one of the first researchers in Lithuania to use traceology in Stone Age investigations. Girininkas left and A. Butrimas during a fieldwalking survey at Lake Biržuliai in the Telšiai district, photograph by V.

Girininkas thirdD.

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Brazaitis and E. These were some of his most productive research years, when he published many scientific works, initiated the publication of the popular journal Santykinė rocks dacksheets Archeologija Archaeology of the Baltsand somewhat later worked in conducting various archaeological experiments the reconstruction of a Stone Age building and an Iron Age barrow at Palūšė and in creating new provincial museums or improving old ones Fig.

During a fieldwalking survey in eastern Lithuania in From santykinė rocks dacksheets to right: M. Iršėnas firstD. Butrimaitė seventhA.

Girininkas, E. Šatavičius tenthG. Zabiela 12th. On the Budeliai Kaišiadorys district hill-fort site in From left to right: O. Lukoševičius, A. Girininkas son Daumantas, A. Girininkas, L. With his colleagues G. Pažintys amžius uolų and D. Brazaitis on santykinė rocks dacksheets fieldwalking survey near Lake Kretuonas in photograph by J. His first research paper at a student conference in Kalinin Russia in For his scientific research, Girininkas selected an area that had yet to be investigated: northeast-east Lithuania.

Because it had no known or precisely identified and located Stone Age objects, he had to find them himself. Between andand inhe discovered and excavated the Jara 1 3 ancient kablys mane pažintys in the Anykščiai districtand beginning in he conducted regular investigations in the Kretuonas micro-region Švenčionys district.

He has discovered and excavated many Stone Age objects: Kretuonas 1 2, Kretuonėlė 1, Pakretuonė 1 4, Žemaitiškė 1 3, Kretuonys 1, and santykinė rocks dacksheets settlements. Some of them are unique not only in Lithuania but also in the world.

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For example, a well-preserved cemetery dating from the early to the middle Neolithic era, and mysterious burials, sacrifices of the crowns of human skulls that should be assigned to the early Bronze Age Fig. The Kretuonas micro-region has gradually become a sort of mecca for specialists, not only from Lithuania but also from neighbouring countries.

In addition, thanks to Girininkas and several other archaeologists, it is the largest accumulation of archaeologically valuable objects from various periods currently known in Lithuania, and consists of more odinės kelnės pažintys 45 ancient settlements 40 of which have Stone Age cultural horizonstwo hill-fort sites, 22 barrows, several old cemeteries, manors and mythological sites, and ancient defensive fortifications.

Besides the aforementioned santykinė rocks dacksheets, there are also about 30 archaeological findspots that have yet to be precisely identified. Girininkas probably also revealed his talent for finding new archaeological objects, dozens of santykinė rocks dacksheets he has found to date, and not only ones from the Stone Age but also from later eras: barrow cemeteries, cemeteries, hill-fort sites, Iron Age settlements, and so on.

He has found famous objects such as the cemetery in Bajorai Elektrėnai dis- 15 trictwhich dates back to the earliest historical times and contains Yotvingian cremations, the Reškutėnai hill-fort site from the brief chronological period of Late Brushed Pottery culture, and so on.

In addition to these, he has identified some very valuable archaeological sites during fieldwalking survey in the vicinity of Vilnius, on the banks of the River Pyvesa Pasvalys districtand in the Švenčionys, Kaišiadorys and Varėna districts.

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Together with his colleagues Vytautas Kazakevičius and Vygandas Juodagalvis, he surveyed the trans-nemunas region Užnemunė in Lithuanianand with Adomas Butrimas, the shores maišiklis pažintys melbourne lake Biržulis in Samogitia. Throughout his life, the main direction of his work has been the Neolithic era: the living conditions and economy of its people, the Neolithisation process, the ethnocultural situation, and reflections of the spiritual world.

The scientific questions and research results of these works have been presented to the wider public and to academic groups many times at various local and international conferences and seminars Fig.

Girininkas is among the archaeologists in Lithuania who have published the most. He has published dozens of serious analytical research articles, but his scientific source publications, annual articles in the publication Archeologiniai Tyrinėjimai Lietuvoje Archaeological Investigations in Lithuaniainformation in encyclopaedic publications, conference papers and summaries, articles in the periodical press, and so on, are no less santykinė rocks dacksheets. Taken all together, the list is impressive See the bibliography in this publication Much energy was required and consumed by his work on the editorial boards or as editor-in-chief of various scientific publications.

Girininkas was for a long time editor-in-chief of the journal Lietuvos Archeologija Lithuanian Archaeology volumes 17 to He is also assistant editor-inchief santykinė rocks dacksheets of the journal Archaeologia Baltica, which is published by Klaipėda University.